By Claudia East
Indian Peggy was a very colorful heroine of Yreka. Many stories and facts have been mixed over the years so that the actual authenticity of what actually happened has been clouded. So with the possibility of errors this story is shared. However, with that said we say with confidence Indian Peggy saved Yreka and the former miner’s town of
Humbug City from a
surprise Indian attack in the early 1850s.
When the miners came looking for gold that was their feverish purpose, and natives were oftentimes looked upon as barriers to overcome in the quest for riches. There were often bad feelings on both sides, the miners intruded on the Indian lands and had little respect for tribal hunting grounds, and the Indians were often ill treated. As the result the local Indian tribes were often fearful and hostile towards the “white” miners who had little regard for the environment and took and used whatever they needed to find the precious gold. As a result of these factors groups of natives decided to try and rid their homeland of the menace and their practices and formed a large war party. The plan was a surprise attack on
and then on to Yreka. Humbug City
Indian Peggy was an unusual and exceptional woman; she had friends on both her native side, and with the whites. She could see that this potential raid on the miners could turn into a bloody war and both sides would lose dearly. She would lose family and friends she had known for her whole life, as well as her white friends she had recently come to know. It was 1852 and only a year after gold was discovered. Indian Peggy took it upon herself to save everyone from this potential massacre. She lived nearby on a Rancheria and walked several miles to
and warned the people there and convinced them to retreat to Yreka. As the miners got to Yreka the news of the
impending raid spread very quickly. When
the Indians came upon Humbug City and found it
deserted they knew they had lost the element of surprise, they pulled back and
withdrew from their plans of attack knowing they would be the targets instead. Humbug
Indian Peggy had renewed status with the miners and the settlers because of her warning of the impending attack. There are stories told for years that after her warning Indian Peggy would come to town and help herself to things she needed, or would knock on a door and ask for things like blankets, warm clothing or food ~ apparently she was seldom refused. Indian Peggy lived to be at least 100 and died in 1902. Following her death, it is said that the high school at Yreka even closed so students could attend her funeral. It has been reported that Tyee Jim, Chief of the Shasta Nation, gave the eulogy all in his native language. It is said that there were a good number of people, both Indian and white in attendance on that day.
In 1951 the Siskiyou County Historical Society placed a marker at her grave. It reads: “Indian Peggy born about 1800. Died October 26, 1902. Beloved member of the Shasta Tribe. A friend of Indians and Whites. Saved Yreka by warning them of an Indian Attack.” Her marker sits near the current Siskiyou Golden Fairgrounds.
*Note: There are several stories and accounts of Indian Peggy in local publications. These are but a few: The Siskiyou Pioneer publications from the Siskiyou County Historical Society have information about Indian Peggy in the 1971, 1951, and 2001 issues. There is also a story about Indian Peggy at the California State Parks website. The Siskiyou Daily News ran a story on Indian Peggy between 1998 – 2000 by Nancy Drennon.